|FIX - Flood Information Exchange|
| Posted on 30/05/2014 - 19:48|
People at flood risk need location-specific data to avoid harm. In turn they have information needed by authorities to respond to floods. FIX makes this link; it empowers citizens and uses them as flood sensors to uniquely map and improve flood data.
Floods can kill and cause misery. They are the world’s most widespread form of disaster. More than 213 major European floods occurred between 1998-2009 causing 1120 deaths, €52bn of damages and displacing 500,000 people. Countless smaller floods disrupted lives and caused harm. People at extreme flood risk worldwide will double by 2050 due to climate change and population growth. Economic damages are likely to increase fivefold. Reducing the impact of floods requires better information flow. Flood managers need real-time on-the-ground data to plan for and manage incidents. In turn, citizens need collated, geo-specific public service and safety information. Communities also need improved connection to enable self-reliance, the sharing of information, resources and support during floods.
2017 will see 2.3bn smartphones in use worldwide. This is the infrastructure for citizen-sensor networks that make real-time crowd-sourced flood data available at no cost. FIX enables information exchanges between citizens and authorities as well as within communities, building resilience networks and enabling self-reliance.
Target group and social impact
FIX is a game-changing application for anyone affected by floods or involved in preparedness and relief: citizens, communities, first responders and flood authorities. Where established flood warning systems exist it complements complex flood models with ground data and pushes location tailored flood and response-relevant information to citizens. It also collates key data for authorities. In the absence of centralised data and sophisticated response strategies the citizen-to-citizen information exchange capability fills this void. By enabling self-reliance and resilience of affected communities, providing real-time on-the-ground information to authorities and facilitating faster and a more targeted response, FIX has a profound impact on lives and assets threatened by floods worldwide.
Competences of the applicant
M Monreal, BA Development Studies, MSc Earth Observation. Programme development. Dr V Wichmann. Core developer SAGA GIS. Geoinformatics, digital terrain analysis & hazard modelling. E Robertson BSc MPhil. National Flood Risk Planning Manager, Scotland. Previously Head of Flooding, Environment Agency, UK. Dr R Richardson. Flood Policy Manager, Scotland. Consultant flood mapping & modelling.
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